Does school curriculum improve intrinsic motivation?
Definition of Motivation according to Snowman & Biehler (1997, p.399)
“Motivation is typically defined as the forces that account for the arousal, selection, direction, and continuation of behavior. Nevertheless, many teachers have at least two major misconceptions about motivation that prevent them from using this concept with maximum effectiveness. One misconception is that some students are unmotivated. Strictly speaking, that is not an accurate statement. As long as a student chooses goals and expends a certain amount of effort to achieve them, he is, by definition, motivated. What teachers really mean is that students are not motivated to behave in the way teachers would like them to behave. The second misconception is that one person can directly motivate another. This view is inaccurate because motivation comes from within a person. What you can do, with the help of the various motivation theories discussed in this chapter, is create the circumstances that influence students to do what you want them to do.”
Connectivist learning or the MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) is a form of open learning. It is learning in the open with the world-wide web. There is no set curriculum, no particular process, no established method.
Open Learning: learning based on independent study or initiative rather than formal classroom instruction [Oxford Dictionary].
According to Debbie Morison and Dave Cormier connectivist learning format consists of the following stages:
Step 1: Orient
Step 2: Declare
– Determine and share personal learning goals.
– Establish digital footprint: sign-up-for blog, etc.
– Join Course learning communities.
Step 3: Network (Blog, LinkedIn)
– Participate in discussions
Step 4: Cluster
– Make connections to groups
– Identify people to include in your personal network
– Expand personal connections
Step 5: Focus
On the Blog of Wielfred Rubens I have found a lot of comments about the MOOC concept. He indicated that this way of self-study lacks didactic fundament and confronts with a massive flow of information.
Personally I would like to experiment and take a part in one of the MOOC to get a better insight on it.